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Egypt .. The Ministry of Irrigation controls water by “self-control” for the first time


Egypt’s Irrigation Ministry is working to collect as much groundwater as possible through special “self-monitoring”, which has been supplied to more than 15 underground wells.

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Ayman El-Sayed, Head of the Telemetry and Monitoring Sector of the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, said that each licensed underground well specified in its license a type of pump it will work on, its disposition is known and also specified the number of hours daily operating hours and a water classification for each well, according to these limitations and the reservoir’s groundwater capacities, as well as the type of crop to be grown in the resulting water.

Al-Sayed pointed out that these techniques are aimed at avoiding over-extraction from the aquifer, which would allow the well’s operation to be sustainable, and preserve the groundwater reserve.

He stressed that this automatic mechanism avoids exceeding the daily extraction limit specified in the well license, and when it is reached, the power to the well pump is cut off, to stop the pumping of water.

The Irrigation Ministry had signed a cooperation protocol with the Government of Nuevo Valle, to install monitoring and control devices for 19 wells, which are automatically monitored and operated remotely, through a central operating room.

The head of the telemetry sector added that there is another type of governance for the operation of underground wells, which is through the use of solar energy in operation, so that these wells operate at the time of the sun’s brightness only, and this also ensures that there is no excessive extraction from the aquifer.

“Sensors – sensors” are added to the wells to run on solar energy. These sensors provide data on the number of hours of operation, the measurement of the amount of sunlight, the amount of water extracted with solar energy and the amount of electrical energy. energy provided by solar energy to the well.

The Human Development Report in Egypt had revealed the expected catastrophic results due to the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and the report speaks of a decline in Egypt’s annual share of Nile water and the loss of large areas of agricultural land.

Source: Al-Ahram